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The Source to Sea Connecticut River Clean Up is a great way to be outside, in the water, and with friends doing good work. It rises at the U.S. border with Quebec, Canada, and discharges at Long Island Sound. River days : exploring the Connecticut River from source to sea. Rescue efforts using a flotilla of boats saved people trapped in upper stories of buildings, bringing them to local fraternal lodges, schools, churches and monasteries for lodging, medical care, and food. (WWLP) – The Connecticut River Conservancy is hosting its 24th annual Source to Sea Cleanup throughout the month of September. Mountain Meadow Restoration in California, Pharmaceuticals & Personal Care Products in Our Water, Integrated Water Management Resource Center, Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge. (WWLP) – The Connecticut River Conservancy is hosting its 24th annual Source to Sea Cleanup throughout the month of September. [5][6], The Connecticut River Valley is home to some of the northeastern United States' most productive farmland, as well as a metropolitan region of approximately two million people surrounding Springfield, Massachusetts, and Hartford, Connecticut. The Connecticut River at 407 miles long is the longest river in New England, and from its currents flow big business. Deeper areas are habitat for a diversity of colonial organisms including bryozoa. [9], Early spellings of the name by European explorers included "Cannitticutt" in French[10] or in English. Currently, a website provides water quality reports twice a week, indicating whether various portions of the river are safe for swimming, boating and fishing.[73][74]. [64] Eleven of them occur in the mainstem of the Connecticut; the brook floater is found only in small streams and rivers. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. The Swift River, a tributary of the Chicopee, has been dammed and largely replaced by the Quabbin Reservoir which provides water to the Massachusetts Water Resources Authority district in eastern Massachusetts, including Boston and its metropolitan area. The Connecticut River is one of the most recognizable in New Hampshire. The pond is know as Fourth Connecticut Lake. MIDDLETOWN >> For the fourth year, the city is partnering with the Connecticut River Watershed Council for the annual Connecticut River Source to Sea Cleanup. Now available in a completely revised edition, The Connecticut River Boating Guide continues to be the classic, authoritative guide for boaters, canoeists, and kayakers on the Connecticut River. Manchester Manchester is a town in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States. Each fall, thousands of volunteers of all ages and abilities head out to places of their choice all along the four-state watershed (NH, VT, MA, CT) to clean the Connecticut River and its tributaries on foot or by boat. Overall, the flood caused 171 deaths and US$500 million (US$9,200,000,000 with inflation[42]) in damages. The Connecticut River is a source of life and livelihood for many in Western Massachusetts. In 1623, Dutch traders constructed a fortified trading post at the site of Hartford, Connecticut called the Fort Huys de Hoop ("Fort House of Hope").[24]. [52] The forest is managed by the Lyme Timber Company, and the conservation easement over the land ensures sustainable forest management of the property. 1635) and Springfield (est. Its lush greenery and rich, almost rockless soil comes from the ancient lake's sedimentary deposits. In addition, Interstate 91, whose route largely follows the river, crosses it twice – once in Connecticut and once in Massachusetts. The Connecticut River is the flagship natural resource for New England, just as the Chesapeake Bay is to the mid Atlantic region. New England communities were built along the banks of rivers and dams have been a central component since the beginning to provide water for irrigation, power generation, industrial operations, and drinking. [29] Ethan Allen, the Green Mountain Boys, and other residents of the disputed area resisted attempts by New York to exercise authority there, which resulted in the establishment of the independent Vermont Republic in 1777[30] and its eventual accession to the United States in 1791 as the fourteenth state. [5] Lush green forests and agricultural hamlets dot this middle portion of the Connecticut River; however, the region is best known for its numerous college towns, such as Northampton, South Hadley, and Amherst, as well as the river's most populous city, Springfield. Most of the river from Lake Francis south is open to lure and bait as well. Four separate Puritan-led groups also settled the fertile Connecticut River Valley, and they founded the two large cities that continue to dominate the Valley: Hartford (est. Numerous tribes lived throughout the fertile Connecticut River valley prior to Dutch exploration beginning in 1614. COVID-19 Information: Connecticut residents are urged to continue taking precautions to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Once described as America’s “best landscaped sewer,” the Connecticut has largely rebounded from hard times and today provides drinking water for millions and supports recreational uses, important fisheries, and healthy landscapes. Several log drivers died trying to move logs through Perry Falls in Pittsburg. Eversource is a business & residential energy provider in Eastern MA. Another member of Connecticut Gov. The Paddlers' Trail currently includes campsites on over 300 miles (480 km) of the river.[70]. His scouts located the Pocumtuc village of Agawam, where the Bay Path trade route crossed the Connecticut River at two of its major tributaries—the Chicopee River to the east and Westfield River to the west—and just north of Enfield Falls, the river's first unnavigable waterfall. The program was dismantled in 2014, but the national landmark that is the Connecticut River endures. This thermal pollution appears to be associated with an 80% decline in American shad fish numbers from 1992 to 2005 at Holyoke dam. The exact definition of the region varies, but it generally is considered to extend south to Windsor, Vermont and Cornish, New Hampshire, and north to Bradford, Vermont and Piermont, New Hampshire. It was designated as one of 14 American Heritage Rivers in 1997. Connecticut River Conservancy, Chicopee 4 Rivers Watershed Council, Deerfield River Watershed Association, Putney Rowing Club, and Southeastern Vermont Watershed Alliance are planning to begin monitoring in July 2020. [32][49], The region along the river upstream and downstream from Lebanon, New Hampshire, and White River Junction, Vermont, is known as the "Upper Valley". Running 410 miles from the Canadian border to Long Island Sound, it is the region's longest river and one of only 14 designated American Heritage Rivers in the nation recognized for its distinctive natural, economic, agricultural, … Ship This Item — Qualifies for Free Shipping Buy Online, Pick up in Store Check Availability at Nearby Stores . Via its longest branch, the Farmington's length increases to 80.4 miles, making it the Connecticut River's longest tributary by a mere 2.3 miles over the major river directly to its north, the Westfield River. Landlocked salmon make their way into the river during spring spawning runs of bait fish and during their fall spawn. The event called “Source to Sea Cleanup” is organized by the Connecticut River Conservancy. [25], The fourth English settlement along the Connecticut River came out of a 1635 scouting party commissioned by William Pynchon to find the most advantageous site for commerce and agriculture, hoping to found a city there. This third edition covers the entire waterway from its source at the Canadian border to Long Island Sound, dividing the river into twenty-eight reaches with accompanying GPS-compatible maps. Updated Mar 25, 2019; Posted Jul 11, 2011 . The river and its tributaries have received several federal designations for their wild and scenic nature and importance to the region’s cultural heritage. Outstanding boating opportunities range from kayaking and quiet water boating on its more placid reaches to whitewater paddling on tributaries like the Deerfield, Farmington, and West rivers, extending downriver to heavy motor traffic between the town of Essex and the river mouth. Maps & Guides; Connecticut River Paddlers’ Trail; Source to Sea Paddlers’ Recognition & Stories; Guided Fishing & Paddle Trips; News and Events. The village of South Hadley Falls was essentially destroyed, and the southern parts of Holyoke were severely damaged, with 500 refugees. From the event website: The Source to Sea Cleanup is an annual trash cleanup of the Connecticut River system – rivers, streams and banks, parks, boat launches, trails and more. The volunteer effort was part of the Connecticut River Watershed Council’s 19th annual Source to Sea Cleanup. Over 3,000 refugees from the area were housed in Amherst College and the Massachusetts State Agricultural College (now UMass Amherst). The Connecticut River was designated the first National Blueway under the America’s Great Outdoors Initiative by the Obama administration in 2012. Introduced species include stocked rainbow trout. English 0762740973. The third edition covers the entire waterway from its source at the Canadian border to Long Island Sound, dividing the river into twenty-eight reaches with accompanying GPS-compatible maps. Connecticut River, longest stream in New England, rising in the Connecticut lakes in northern New Hampshire, U.S. After flowing about 9 miles (14 km) through New Hampshire, it moves roughly southwestward and forms the border between New Hampshire and Vermont for … Pynchon surmised that traders using any of these routes would have to dock and change ships at his site, thereby granting the settlement a commercial advantage. Some local police departments and the state Environmental Conservation Police patrol the area a few times a week. [14] The Mattabesset (Tunxis) tribe takes its name from the place where its sachems ruled at the Connecticut River's Big Bend at Middletown, in a village sandwiched between the territories of the aggressive Pequots to the south and the more peaceable Mohegans to the north. Yet more than 3,000 of these obstructions still impound the tributaries of the Connecticut River, with adverse impacts on river health, flooding, local economies, and community quality of life. Located within parts of four New England states—New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, and Connecticut—the 36,000-acre refuge, named for its championing Congressman, is the only refuge of its kind to encompass an entire watershed. For decades, Springfield remained the Massachusetts Bay Colony's westernmost settlement, on the northern border of the Connecticut Colony. Members save with free shipping everyday! Connecticut River Conservancy, Chicopee 4 Rivers Watershed Council, Deerfield River Watershed Association, Putney Rowing Club, and Southeastern Vermont Watershed Alliance are planning to begin monitoring in July 2020. [7], The Connecticut River's flow is slowed by main stem dams, which create a series of slow-flowing basins from Lake Francis Dam in Pittsburg, New Hampshire, to the Holyoke Dam at South Hadley Falls in Massachusetts. [62], The Connecticut River and its many tributaries are home to many typical New England fresh water species. [28] New York protested these grants, and King George III decided in 1764 that the border between the provinces should be the western bank of the Connecticut River. In addition to dams, warm water discharges between 1978 and 1992 from Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Plant in Vernon, Vermont released water up to 105 °F (41 °C) degrees and the thermal plume reached 55 miles (89 km) downstream to Holyoke. As testament to its watershed-wide mission, the Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge is one of only three refuges in the National Wildlife Refuge System that has “Fish” in its title. The Connecticut River watershed encompasses 11,260 square miles (29,200 km2), connecting 148 tributaries, including 38 major rivers and numerous lakes and ponds. The final section of the book heads into The Great North Woods, where Walsh ventured to the source of the Connecticut River. The Connecticut River Valley's central location, fertile soil, and abundant natural resources made it the target of centuries of border disputes, beginning with Springfield's defection from the Connecticut Colony in 1641, which brought the Massachusetts Bay Colony to the river. The Farmington River is a river, 46.7 miles in length along its main stem, which is located in northwest Connecticut with major tributaries extending into southwest Massachusetts. Several major transportation corridors cross the river including Amtrak's Northeast Corridor, Interstate 95 (Connecticut Turnpike), Interstate 90 (Massachusetts Turnpike), Interstate 89, Interstate 93, and Interstate 84. This resulted in an unsuccessful lawsuit by the state of Connecticut against the diversion of its riparian waters. Combined with the cultural and recreational value of the river system, that natural landscape has helped major tributaries like the Eight Mile River, Farmington River, and Westfield River earn Wild and Scenic River designation, with potential for more on the horizon. The nuclear plant was closed at the end of 2014, and the shad population increased. The Connecticut River is a barrier to travel between western and eastern New England. The American Red Cross and local, state and Federal agencies, including the WPA and the CCC, contributed aid and manpower to the effort. ", Society for the Protection of New Hampshire Forests, List of populated places on the Connecticut River, List of crossings of the Connecticut River, "With Cooler Water, Better Prospects for Shad Migration? Its watershed spans Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont, small portions of Maine, and the Canadian province of Quebec. Road-stream crossings are another longstanding challenge within the watershed, which contains more than 44,000 crossings. [26], Hartford kept a fort at the mouth of the Connecticut River at Old Saybrook for protection against the Pequots, Wampanoags, Mohegans, and the New Netherland Colony. source: N.P. Species diversity is higher in the southern part of the watershed (Connecticut and Massachusetts) than in the northern part (Vermont and New Hampshire), largely due to differences in stream gradient and substrate. The Connecticut River carries a heavy amount of silt from as far north as Quebec, especially during the spring snow melt. Of these settlements, Hartford and Springfield quickly emerged as powers. Each fall, volunteer group leaders coordinate local cleanup sites where thousands of participants of all ages and abilities spend a … Fresh water sponges the size of dinner plates have been found by scuba divers at depths of more than 130 feet (40 m), thought to be the deepest in the river. River in the New England region of the United States, River map, with major tributaries and selected dams, The Upper Connecticut River: New Hampshire and Vermont, The Middle Connecticut River: Massachusetts through central Connecticut, The Lower Connecticut River: Southern Connecticut to Long Island Sound, Meaning "landing place" or "place for unloading canoes. USGS 01193050 CONNECTICUT RIVER AT MIDDLE HADDAM, CT. Get this from a library! [8] The word came into English during the early 1600s to name the river, which was also called simply "The Great River". [11], Archaeological digs reveal human habitation of the Connecticut River Valley for 6,000 years before present. Source: Connecticut River Watershed Council Connecticut River Watershed Council ’s 20th Annual Source to Sea Cleanup will be on September 23 & 24, 2016. Every second, it pours about 19,600 cubic feet (560 cubic meters) per second into its mouth at Long Island Sound, part of the Atlantic Ocean. The river has fly-fishing-only regulations on 5 miles (8 km) of river. Connecticut was largely dependent on sea trade with Boston and therefore permanently dropped its tax on Springfield, but Springfield allied with Boston nonetheless, drawing the first state border across the Connecticut River. River Days: Exploring the Connecticut River from Source to Sea: Tougias, Mike: Amazon.sg: Books With this in mind, they founded Wethersfield, Connecticut in 1633, several miles south of the Dutch fort at Hartford. The Connecticut River Boating Guide: Source to Sea 256. by Connecticut River Watershed Council, John Sinton, Elizabeth Farnsworth. image 4 3/4 x 7″ mat: 11 x 14″ The English illustrator William H. Bartlett traveled throughout the USA in the 19th century. It was also known as the Fresh River, and the Dutch called it the Verse River. [13], The Pequots dominated a territory in the southern region of the Connecticut River valley, stretching roughly from the river's mouth at Old Saybrook, Connecticut north to just below the Big Bend at Middletown. Paperback (Third Edition) $ 19.95. PROVISIONAL DATA SUBJECT TO REVISION. The river is an important conduit of many anadromous fish, such as American shad, lamprey, and Atlantic salmon. [51] A conservation easement over 146,000 acres (590 km2) of the property prohibits development of the land while allowing public access. [39] These spring drives were stopped after 1915, when pleasure boat owners complained about the hazards to navigation. The Pocomtuc village of Agawam[17] eventually became Springfield, situated on the Bay Path where the Connecticut River meets the western Westfield River and eastern Chicopee River. Please check with your local watershed … They pass an additional elevator in Turners Falls, Massachusetts and make it at least as far as Bellows Falls, Vermont. Sandbagging by the National Guard and local volunteers helped prevent the dam's powerhouse from being overwhelmed, despite blocks of ice breaking through the upstream walls.[41]. Its largest cities—Hartford and Springfield—lie 45 and 69 miles upriver, respectively. With hundreds of access points and over 50 primitive campsites, the Connecticut River provides a unique experience to paddle through the heart of New England. The river could soon flow at a more natural pace, should the computer-modeling efforts of scientists at the University of Massachusetts to coordinate water releases between the river’s 54 largest dams pay off. The Connecticut River Paddlers’ Trail is a series of primitive campsites and river access points from its headwaters in New Hampshire’s Great North Woods south to Long Island Sound. Connecticut River Source to Sea Cleanup Saturday in Middletown - Middletown, CT - Volunteers are needed for cleanup on land and along the river's edge … New Englanders take great pride in the region’s longest river, and they should. In March 1936, due to a winter with heavy snowfall, an early spring thaw and torrential rains, the Connecticut River flooded, overflowing its banks, destroying numerous bridges and isolating hundreds of people who had to be rescued by boat. [60] Additionally, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service has repopulated the river with another species of migratory fish, the Atlantic salmon, which for more than 200 years had been extinct from the river due to damming. In May 2012, the Connecticut River was designated America's first National Blueway in recognition of the restoration and preservation efforts on the river. Very near its source, the Connecticut River flows through the campground. The Connecticut River is tidal from Long Island Sound to Hartford, Connecticut, and during low flows beyond that all the way to Windsor Locks, Connecticut. Fish and Wildlife Service. ", "Connecticut River Estuary and Tidal River Wetlands Complex", "Event: Source To Sea Cleanup To Benefit 410 Miles of Connecticut River — Courant.com – CT Environmental Headlines", "THEATER; The Industrialization of the Great River, New England's Longest", https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b53089800t/f1.item, https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b5905631t/f1.item, "Full text of "Indian place names of New England, "Why did settlers come to New Hampshire and Vermont, and where did they come from? Twitter Share. [63], There are 12 species of fresh water mussels. [48] The river drops more than 2,480 feet (760 m) in elevation as it winds south to the border of Massachusetts where it sits 190 feet (58 m) above sea level. This third edition covers the entire waterway from its source at the Canadian border to Long Island Sound, dividing the river into twenty-eight reaches with accompanying GPS-compatible maps. In some places, the state line is now inundated by the impoundments of dams built after this time.[32]. HartBeat Ensemble is premiering the local history dramas "Up and Down the River," a series of short audio plays co-written by Mohegan tribe members Madeline Sayet and Melissa Tantaquidgeon Zobel. See details. The Connecticut River is the longest river in the New England region of the United States, flowing roughly southward for 406 miles (653 km) through four states. [47], The Connecticut River is the largest river ecosystem in New England. This decline may have been exacerbated by over-fishing in the mid-Atlantic and predation from resurging striped bass populations. Meriden is a city in the Connecticut River Valley. Across the northeast, over 430,000 people were made homeless or destitute by flooding that year. [24] Shortly after Hooker's arrival, Newtowne annexed Matianuck based on laws articulated in Connecticut's settlement charter, the Warwick Patent of 1631. Search. Unprecedented accumulated ice jams compounded the problems created by the flood, diverting water into unusual channels and damming the river, raising water levels even further. The program was dismantled in 2014, but the national landmark that is the Connecticut River endures.The river that flows from th… SPRINGFIELD, Mass. Some towns keep boats available if needed. Over the past … (WWLP) – The Connecticut River Conservancy is hosting its 24th annual Source to Sea Cleanup throughout the month of September. The history of the Connecticut River can be told through dams. The campground is … Meanwhile, lake trout and landlocked salmon reside in the upper river surrounding the Connecticut Lakes. Now available in a completely revised edition, The Connecticut River Boating Guide continues to be the classic, authoritative guide for boaters, canoeists, and kayakers on the Connecticut River. American eels are also present, as are predators of these migratory fish including striped bass. The Connecticut, the longest river in New England, begins in a beaver pond high on a mountainside in northern New Hampshire right on the Canada line. The Source to Sea Cleanup is an annual trash cleanup of the Connecticut River system – rivers, streams and banks, parks, boat launches, trails and more. [26], The Fort at Number 4 in Charlestown, New Hampshire was the northernmost English settlement on the Connecticut River until the end of the French and Indian War in 1763. 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