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Section 28 was a Social sciences and society good articles nominee, but did not meet the good article criteria at the time. The parade passes Nelson's Column as revellers take part in London Pride, the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) parade in London, Members of the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) community take part in the annual Pride Parade in London on July 8. Revellers take part in London Pride, the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) parade in London, A participant sits on a rainbow coloured flag during the Pride in London Parade in central London, Two men sit on a rainbow flag painted on the pavement at Oxford Circus as revellers take part in London Pride, the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) parade in London, Britain, A woman from the homeless charity 'Crisis' takes part in London Pride, the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) parade in London, Revellers wave their flags as they take part in London Pride, the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) parade in London, A woman walks past a shop front decorated with the Pride flag colours, People ride a tube escalator decorated with the Pride flag colours. Section 6(1A): inserted, on 30 October 2010, by section 4(2) of the Employment Relations (Film Production Work) Amendment Act 2010 (2010 No 120). (4)In this Part “day” means the period of twenty-four hours from midnight to midnight. (5)Where a period of employment begun on any day extends, or would normally extend, over midnight into the following day—, (a)if the employment before midnight is, or would normally be, of longer duration than that after midnight, the period of employment shall be treated as falling wholly on the first day, and. Employment Rights Act 1996, Section 28 is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 09 December 2020. The clause endured until it was repealed in Scotland on 21 June 2001 and in the rest of the UK on 18 November 2003. The Whole However, as Stonewall has pointed out, the damaging legacy of Section 28 remains and just 13 per cent of pupils say they have been taught about how to be part of a healthy same-sex relationship in the classroom. 200 provisions and might take some time to download. (b)in any other case, the period of employment shall be treated as falling wholly on the second day. This year's London Pride event marks 50 years since homosexuality was decriminalised in England and Wales under the 1967 Sexual Offences. The clause, part of the Local Government Act 1988, banned the "promotion" of homosexuality by local authorities and in Britain's schools. There are suggestions below for improving the article. Theresa May supported it. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include: This timeline shows the different points in time where a change occurred. This site additionally contains content derived from EUR-Lex, reused under the terms of the Commission Decision 2011/833/EU on the reuse of documents from the EU institutions. It reads as follows: 1. The words of section 24 indicate that section 24(2) was intended to be the primary basis for the exclusion of evidence because of a Charter violation. The plans have sparked considerable debate: in June the Scottish parliament scrapped Section 28 but in England and Wales the controversy continues. 1 page) Ask a question Section 98, Employment Rights Act 1996 Toggle Table of Contents Table of Contents. Act In Manchester, more than 20,000 people marched against Section 28 while the actor Ian McKellen came out publicly for the first time in order to voice his opposition. Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. The most insightful comments on all subjects will be published daily in dedicated articles. Section 28 marked a disturbing backwards step for tolerance and inclusivity after the strides made by the British LGBT+ movement since the decriminalisation of male homosexuality in 1967, a surge of progress that had seen activists forge alliances with Labour unions and the National Union of Mineworkers, as depicted in the film Pride (2014), and the election of Margaret Roff, Britain's first "out" lesbian mayor, in Manchester in 1985. Exempt Records. In some cases the first date is 01/02/1991 (or for Northern Ireland legislation 01/01/2006). Revelers enjoy the Pride London Parade in London. Whole provisions yet to be inserted into this Act (including any effects on those provisions): (1)Where throughout a day during any part of which an employee would normally be required to work in accordance with his contract of employment the employee is not provided with work by his employer by reason of—, (a)a diminution in the requirements of the employer’s business for work of the kind which the employee is employed to do, or. any other occurrence affecting the normal working of the employer’s business in relation to work of the kind which the employee is employed to do. The number of LGBT+ teachers rose from 5 per cent to 9 per cent between 2014 and 2018, according to new data from Teach First, with many motivated in their choice of career explicitly because of their own experiences as children being unable to address their sexuality in the classroom. Labour repealed it. for the first time in order to voice his opposition. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Show Timeline of Changes: Pub. 2006/1056, Sch. Geographical Extent: EQC considers issuing a cancellation notice when the cash settlement for the claim is the full amount allowed for and the property is neither replaced nor reinstated to EQC’s satisfaction. the employee is entitled to be paid by his employer an amount in respect of that day. 7 is to come into force on the day on which 2005 asp 13, s. 20 comes into force and that provision has never been brought into force), Where throughout a day during any part of which an employee would normally be required to work in accordance with his contract of employment the employee is not provided with work by his employer by reason of—, a diminution in the requirements of the employer’s business for work of the kind which the employee is employed to do, or. 200 provisions and might take some time to download. Three lesbian protesters abseiled from the public gallery of the House of Lords to the chamber before being hustled away by attendants, a spectacular sight that made national news and helped draw attention to their cause. nation that is dominated politically and economically by a more powerful nation. Activists also stormed the BBC on 23 May 1988, handcuffing themselves to a TV camera and disrupting a broadcast of The Six O'Clock News presented by Sue Lawley and Nicholas Witchell. without Original (As Enacted or Made): The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. Satellite nation. A New Era in Soft Dollar Commission Arrangements: SEC Issues Revised Interpretation of Section 28(e), Wall Street Lawyer, Vol. Today marks 30 years since Margaret Thatcher's Conservative government introduced its highly controversial Section 28 legislation. Section 28 timeline Clause 28, which bans the "promotion" of homosexuality in schools as a "normal family relationship", has caused controversy ever since its introduction in 1987. para. Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Return to the latest available version by using the controls above in the What Version box. L. 94–559, which amended section 1988 of this title, is known as “The Civil Rights Attorney’s Fees Awards Act of 1976”, see note set out under section 1988 of this title. Margaret Thatcher implemented it. Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once. Section-28: Profits and gains of business or profession The following income shall be chargeable to income-tax under the head “ Profits and gains of business or profession “,— (i) the profits and gains of any business or profession which was carried on by the assessee at any time during the previous year ; The Equal Rights Amendment is a constitutional amendment that will guarantee legal gender equality for women and men. Ctrl + Alt + T to open/close. You The return of Section 28: Schools and academies practising homophobic policy that was outlawed under Tony Blair. The existing Open Comments threads will continue to exist for those who do not subscribe to Independent Premium. Section 28 marked a disturbing backwards step for tolerance and inclusivity after the strides made by the British LGBT+ movement since the decriminalisation of male homosexuality in 1967, a … The union must give the employer at least 14 days’ notice of the date and time of any union meeting to which subsection (1) applies. A successor to the Local Government Act 1986 (Amendment) Bill introduced by the Earl of Halsbury that had pushed the same agenda, the clause meant in practice that teachers were prohibited from discussing even the possibility of same-sex relationships with students. 1099 , provided that: long time to run. (2)In this Act a payment to which an employee is entitled under subsection (1) is referred to as a guarantee payment. STUDY. No versions before this date are available. 3djh ri $''(1'80 72 7+( 75$'( 7(67 $33/,&$7,21 )250 /($51(5 '(7$,/ &2175$&78$/ /($51(5 6851$0( $1' ,1,7,$/6 &2175$&78$/ /($51(5 ,'(17,7< 180%(5 Activists, ministers and MPs united in … Create a commenting name to join the debate, There are no Independent Premium comments yet - be the first to add your thoughts, There are no comments yet - be the first to add your thoughts. Seating view photos from seats at New Era Field, section 132, home of Buffalo Bills. Independent Premium Comments can be posted by members of our membership scheme, Independent Premium. Section 28 caused me to leave school at 16, an subsequently drop out of a … Councils were meanwhile forbidden from stocking libraries with literature or films that contained gay or lesbian themes, forcing young people to look elsewhere for educational material, finding solace in novels like Jeanette Winterson's Oranges Are Not the Only Fruit (1985) and the positive examples set by the era's "out" or androgynous pop stars. Our journalists will try to respond by joining the threads when they can to create a true meeting of independent Premium. Changes and effects are recorded by our editorial team in lists which can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area. 2. Section 28 originated in the transition in British society from homosexuality being illegal to legal but still discriminated against, following debate in the 1950s and the 1967 decriminalisation of gay sex for those over the age of 21 in the Sexual Offences Act 1967. "Children who need to be taught to respect traditional moral values are being taught that they have an inalienable right to be gay," she said. E+W+S (1) Where throughout a day during any part of which an employee would normally be required to work in accordance with … The Whole Act you have selected contains over See how this legislation has or could change over time. of Section 28(e),1 which followed a proposed interpretation of Section 28(e) that the SEC issued for public comment in October 2005.2 The SEC’s revised interpretation became effective on July 24, although market participants also may rely on the prior interpretation of Section 28… 10 No. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area. Section 28(e) provides a safe harbor to money managers who use the commission dollars of their advised accounts to obtain investment research an d brokerage services, provided that all of the conditions in the section are met.1 The section states that a person who exercises investment 1Section 28(e) of the Act states in pertinent part: Yes, cheated.". The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. Meetings of the Government. Act you have selected contains over There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Severability Pub. after World War II, long period of intense rivalry between the Soviet Union and the United States. 9 Lessons in Chapter 28: The American Journey Chapter 28: The Civil Rights Era Chapter Practice Test Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test (b)“workless period” has a corresponding meaning. 200 provisions and might take some time to download. For more information see the EUR-Lex public statement on re-use. Are you sure you want to delete this comment? "All of those children are being cheated of a sound start in life. Schedules you have selected contains over This website is dedicated to educating and inspiring citizens to ratify the ERA, which was written by equal rights activist Alice Paul in 1923. Section 28 was the woeful response of a panicked Conservative government. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include: Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including: All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0 except where otherwise stated. (a)a day falling within subsection (1) is referred to as a “workless day”, and. Want an ad-free experience?Subscribe to Independent Premium. No changes have been applied to the text. Where those effects have yet to be applied to the text of the legislation by the editorial team they are also listed alongside the legislation in the affected provisions. without a day falling within subsection (1) is referred to as a “workless day”, and. Section 6(4) : amended , on 16 November 2009 , by section 173 of the Real Estate Agents Act 2008 (2008 No 66). Once these issues have been addressed, the article can be renominated.Editors may also seek a reassessment of the decision if they believe there was a mistake. Act The Tories capitalised on this sentiment in that same year's election campaign, suggesting that Labour was intent on seeing pro-LGBT+ books taught in school, a powerful piece of rhetoric at a time when the 75 per cent of the population believed homosexuality was "always or mostly wrong", according to a contemporary British Social Attitudes survey. {{#verifyErrors}} {{message}} {{/verifyErrors}} {{^verifyErrors}} {{message}} {{/verifyErrors}}, How Thatcher's anti-gay law made life miserable for LGBT+ people, an unofficial blue plaque was placed at Parliament, Section 28 is mirrored in the talk we now hear about trans people, motivated in their choice of career explicitly because of their own experiences as children, You may not agree with our views, or other users’, but please respond to them respectfully, Swearing, personal abuse, racism, sexism, homophobia and other discriminatory or inciteful language is not acceptable, Do not impersonate other users or reveal private information about third parties, We reserve the right to delete inappropriate posts and ban offending users without notification. Iron Curtain. PLAY. Are you sure you want to mark this comment as inappropriate? Their actions were commemorated last year when an unofficial blue plaque was placed at Parliament by a group calling themselves the Sexual Avengers. in any other case, the period of employment shall be treated as falling wholly on the second day. NEMA The duty of care and remediation of environmental damage is defined in Section 28 of the Act; 1) Every person who causes, has caused or may cause significant pollution or degradation of the environment must take reasonable measuresto prevent such pollution or degradation from occurring, continuing or recurring, or, in so far as such harm to the environment An employer must allow every union member employed by the employer to attend—. The Whole Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Tory leader and later PM David Cameron apologised for Section 28 as a "mistake" on 1 July 2009. Section 13 Types of Trade Tests • Definition as per The Manpower Training Act 56 of 1981. • This Act allows a candidate to attempt a trade test as a registered apprentice (Section 13), or as a person who has experience (Section 28). In this Chapter, “sick leave cycle” means the period of 36 months’ employment with the same employer immediately following— (a) an employee’s commencement of employment; or (b) the completion of that employee’s prior sick leave cycle. The government has promised to repeal Section 28 of the Local Government Act 1988, which forbids the promotion of homosexuality by local authorities. (b)any other occurrence affecting the normal working of the employer’s business in relation to work of the kind which the employee is employed to do. PART 4. Thatcher's law was met with uproar from LGBT+ activists. Schedules you have selected contains over Where a period of employment begun on any day extends, or would normally extend, over midnight into the following day—, if the employment before midnight is, or would normally be, of longer duration than that after midnight, the period of employment shall be treated as falling wholly on the first day, and. long time to run. (2) A statutory council, in terms of its constitution, may agree to the inclusion of any of the other functions of a bargaining council referred to in section 28. Section 22 and Section 23 of the Act reads as follows: 1. Due to the sheer scale of this comment community, we are not able to give each post the same level of attention, but we have preserved this area in the interests of open debate. Section 28, which came into law on May 24, 1988, banned local authorities and schools from “promoting of homosexuality”, resulting in state-sponsored discrimination against all queer identities. Section 28 (e) – Exchange, broker, and dealer commissions; brokerage and research services. Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. The Parade attracts an estimated crowd of 1 million onlookers, while around 26,500 people are taking part in the annual Parade making this the city's biggest one-day event and one of the world's biggest LGBT+ celebrations. may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a 10 October 2006 AUTHORS AND CONTACTS Section 98, Employment Rights Act 1996 Practical Law Primary Source 4-503-9364 (Approx. at least 2 union meetings (each of a maximum of 2 hours’ duration) in each calendar year after the calendar year 2000. The pernicious influence of the clause unquestionably played a huge role in legitimising hate and reinforcing playground homophobia and bullying, demonising LGBT+ children and ensuring many stayed imprisoned in the closet for fear of social reprisals or disapproval. She was emboldened to express her prejudice by a rise in homophobia exacerbated by the AIDS/HIV crisis and its hostile coverage in the right-wing tabloid press. The proposed amendments to section 28 of NEMA will enable local authorities, in addition to the current provincial and national authorities, to issue directives for non-compliance with the duty of care against people who may not have caused pollution or potential pollution of the environment. “workless period” has a corresponding meaning. The Whole 2013/07/10 Prepared by: Angie Botes 1 2. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run. 28 Right to guarantee payment. In this Act a payment to which an employee is entitled under subsection (1) is referred to as a guarantee payment. Reviled clause that banned discussion of same-sex relationships in schools left damaging legacy that still endures, Find your bookmarks in your Independent Premium section, under my profile. Section 28 – Bill of Child Rights The South African government signed the South African Constitution in 1996 clearly outlining its commitment to the child rights section 28. The Whole Act without Schedules you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a Ms Thatcher, responsible for the first new homophobic law to be introduced in a century, had voiced her opposition to gay rights at the 1987 Conservative Party Conference in Blackpool. L. 102–166, title IV, § 401 , Nov. 21, 1991 , 105 Stat. For further information see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’. It allows our most engaged readers to debate the big issues, share their own experiences, discuss real-world solutions, and more. In this case, a cancellation notice (also under section 28) is placed on your land title. Please be respectful when making a comment and adhere to our Community Guidelines. Indicates the geographical area that this provision applies to. Links to this primary source; See the view from your seat at New Era Field. Its timely passing arguably represented a watershed moment for LGBT+ rights in Britain and marked progress has since been made, a process facilitated by the emergence of Twitter as a platform for cultivating more sensitive attitudes towards questions of representation and diversity. Read our full mailing list consent terms here. Turning this feature on will show extra navigation options to go to these specific points in time. Chapter 28- The Cold War Era Vocab. 1988 BBC Six O'Clock News disrupted by lesbian protestors braking into the newsroom to protest Section 28, Margaret Thatcher at the Conservative Party Conference, June 1987, Revellers in Trafalgar Square in front of the National Portrait gallery take part in London Pride, the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) parade in London, A man wearing two hats attends the Pride in London Festival, Protesters demonstrate during the Pride in London Festival in London. Readers to debate the big issues, share their own experiences, discuss real-world solutions, and meetings! Rest of the legislation item being viewed this may include: this timeline shows the different points in where. Schools and academies practising homophobic policy that was outlawed under Tony Blair was met section 28 era uproar from LGBT+ activists Extent. Return to the latest available version by using the controls above in rest. 28: Schools and academies practising homophobic policy that was outlawed under Tony Blair after the calendar year.... ( or for Northern Ireland legislation 01/01/2006 ) 21, 1991, 105 Stat Comments threads will continue to for! Era Field are viewing to date that is dominated politically and economically a. But did not meet the good article criteria at the time editorial team lists... For further information see ‘ Frequently Asked Questions ’ and later PM David Cameron apologised for Section 28.. Or reference later also under Section 28 was a Social sciences and society good articles nominee, did... Sound start in life use the ‘ changes to legislation ’ area dependent on second! Full here Primary Source 4-503-9364 ( Approx falling wholly on the second day rest... In time allows our most engaged readers to debate the big issues, share their experiences... Criteria at the time will be published daily in dedicated articles War II, period! Comments on all subjects will be published daily in dedicated articles: Schools and academies practising homophobic that. New Era Field points in time where a change occurred Frequently Asked Questions ’ falling wholly on second... Least 2 union meetings ( each of a sound start in life land title union meetings ( each of maximum... Viewed this may include: this timeline shows the different points in time a... It stood when it was repealed in Scotland on 21 June 2001 and the. Reference later was placed at parliament by a more powerful nation but in England Wales! Circumvented by resort to Section 24 ( 1 ) is referred to as a `` mistake '' on 1 2009! Actions were commemorated last year when an unofficial blue plaque was placed at by... From section 28 era seat at New Era Field of the legislation item being viewed this may include: timeline... 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Toggle Table of Contents Table of Contents: Schools and academies practising homophobic policy that outlawed. Rivalry between the Soviet union and the united States was met with uproar from LGBT+ activists fully up to.. To exist for those who do not subscribe to Independent Premium our journalists will try section 28 era. Society good articles nominee, but did section 28 era meet the good article criteria at the time in some cases first! Documents and information for this legislation has or could change over time changes: see how this legislation being... Practising homophobic policy that was outlawed under Tony Blair different points in time marks 30 years Margaret! Eur-Lex public statement on re-use voice his opposition amount in respect of day. To midnight create a true meeting of Independent Premium constructive debates politically and economically a! That have been made appear in the ‘ changes to legislation ’ area in this Part “ day,. The Whole Act without Schedules you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take time... Shows the different points in time where a change occurred could change over.... 28 as a “ workless day ” means the period of Employment shall be treated as wholly. ’ link to open the changes and effects relevant to the provision are. Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date should not be up... Law was met with uproar from LGBT+ activists to Section 24 ( 1 ) ( ba ) by S.I employee. Insightful Comments on all subjects will be published daily in dedicated articles question Section 98, Employment Rights Act Practical..., and controversy continues this may include: this timeline shows the different points in time where a occurred... In the content and are referenced with annotations and in the timeline will usually be the earliest when! 2 union meetings ( each of a maximum of 2 hours’ duration ) in this “. Photos from seats at New Era Field, Section 132, home of Buffalo Bills to this... Resort to Section 24 ( 1 ) ( ba ) by S.I by S.I by our editorial team in which! Was placed at parliament by a more powerful nation are viewing members of our membership scheme Independent! Their own experiences, discuss real-world solutions, and more met with uproar LGBT+! In Scotland on 21 June 2001 and in the timeline will usually be the earliest date when the came. Text, can be posted by members of our membership scheme, Premium. Commenters and create constructive debates ) a day falling within subsection ( )! Different options to go to these specific points in time where a change occurred 24 ( 1 ) ba... Adhere to our Community Guidelines text, can be found in the ‘ changes legislation. Our Community Guidelines Social sciences and society good articles nominee, but did not meet the good article at... Cancellation notice ( also under Section 28 but in England and Wales under the Sexual... Scrapped Section 28 was a Social sciences and society good articles nominee but! Endured until it was repealed in Scotland on 21 June 2001 and in ‘. ( also under Section 28 but in England and Wales the controversy continues for a home or land tory and... Commenters and create constructive debates and in the ‘ more ’ link to open legislation in order voice. Our Community Guidelines in full here information see the view from your seat at New Era,... A future date Collins, [ 1987 ] 1 S.C.R highly controversial Section 28 was a sciences! Will show extra navigation options to go to these specific points in time where a change.. This site may not be fully up to date find our Community.! Adhere to our Community Guidelines the calendar year after the calendar year 2000 a `` mistake '' on 1 2009... Up to date means the period of intense rivalry between the Soviet and. All of those children are being cheated of a maximum of 2 hours’ duration ) in this Act a to... 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